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تيراژ:2000 نسخه
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شابک: 4305033600-978  

 

First Step In Competition

Including Essential English Exercises

 

By A- Hamidi M.Sc.

In the name of God

 

 

Introduction
Family is the first school in which children learn to make familiar with the principles of social life and understand others.
School is the second place and society is the third school where they make familiar with a lot of things. Thus students must pay attention to these places and make the best of them.
As a member of school, I recommend this book to the students due to the following advantages.

  1. It contains three books in a book, so that you can get complete knowledge with less time and payment.
  2. It is written in English. So it improves your English very much.
  3. All the tests and exercises are used without answers. As a result, students have to study their books or speak with each other and find the answers themselves.
  4. Teachers can also use this book in the class or at home as an assignment, because they should educate the students to think not to teach them thoughts.

References :


1.

English book 1,2,3

Minystery of Education

 

2.

Essential Idioms in English

Robert J.Dixson

 

3.

English sentences structure

Robert.Krohn

 

4.

A first book in comprehension

H.G.Alexander

 

5.

Further comprehension

H.A.Hill

 

6.

Graded Exercises

Robert J.Dixon

 

7.

Oxford Advanced learner's Dictionary

1998-99

 

8.

Objective tests in English as a foreign language

Meriel Bloor
Thomas Bloor

 

 

 

Ronald forrest

 

 

 

Elizabeth Laird

 

 

 

Hazel Retton

 

9.

Man and his world

Margaret Kurilecz

 

10.

Nelson English language tests

Ws. Fowler of Norman coe

11.

Lado English series

Robert Lado

12.

A practical English Grammar

A.J Thomson and A.V. Martinent

 

13.

Practical English Usage

Michael swan

 

 

 

 

 

Words, Structure and tests
based on Book one

 

 


Word Study (1-1):

 

 

 

Farsi

1. ago

:

before

1.  (                       )

2. die

:

stop living

2.  (                       )

3. alone

:

without any companions

3.  (                       )

4. love

:

like very much

4.  (                       )

5. hard

:

firm, not soft

5.  (                       )

6. fun

:

enjoyment

6.  (                       )

7. remember

:

recall

7.  (                       )

8. like

:

similar to

8.  (                       )

9. pretty

:

attractive

9.  (                       )

10. kindergarten

:

a school for little children

10.                        (     )

11. little

:

small

11.                        (     )

12. pay

:

give

12.                        (     )

13. mean

:

intend, signify

13.                        (     )

14. again

:

once more

14.                        (     )

Conversation (1-1):

  1. Can you speak English now ?
  2. Yes, I can.
  1. Could you speak English before ?
  2. No, I couldn't.

 

  1. What do you have to do every day?
  2. I have to do my homework.
  1. All of us have to do, too
  2. That 's right.

 

  1. What time are you going home?
  2. I have to go now. Somebody is waiting for me over there.
    • Thank you .Good bye.
    • Good bye.

More examples :

  1. We can finish the book this year.
  2. The student could help the woman.
  3. I had to water the flowers.
  4. You have to write your homework in ink.
  5. He has to leave early.

Structure (1-1) :

1- Can/Could : ability
Can/Could is used for general ability, to say that you can/could do something anytime you wanted to.
He could swim very well.
The negative couldn't is used for both general and particular ability.
He couldn't speak English before.
Be able to = can
"Will be able" is the only future form.
Our baby will be able to walk in a few weeks.
Attention:
Can/Could/Couldn't + simple form of the verb.

2- Have to/Has to/Had to : obligation
They are used to talk about obligation that come from outside.
If I say somebody has to do something, I probably mean that
another person wants it done.
third person

Attention:
Have to/ Has to/ Had to + simple form of the verbs.
We had to do the exercise again.
We make question and negative forms with do, does and did.
I don't have to sell it.
Does he have to buy the book?

Exercise (1-1) :

A) Fill the following spaces, using can, could, be able to.
1. When I was a child I………..understand adults, and now that I am an adult I …………understand children (neg)
2. We……….borrow umbrellas; so we didn't get wet.
3. I …………finish only half of the lesson today.
4. Father………..read the newspaper without his glasses.
5. I………..tell you much more about our plans next week.

B) Fill the following spaces, using have to, has to and had to.
1. All of the members …………attend the meeting tomorrow.
2. Every one ………..do his share of the work next Wednesday .
3. We always …………write the exercises for our teacher.
4. The students …………answer all the questions yesterday.
5. She felt ill and…….leave early.

A) Vocabulary (1-1) :

1. He usually …………..up early in the morning.

a) comes

b) runs

c) moves

d) gets

2. Tomorrow morning, I'll ………..in my high school.

a) leave

b) be

c) go

d) grow

3. My plants are………. Fast.

a) watering

 

b) rising

 

c) planting

 

d) growing

 

4. He ………his prayers everyday.

a) tells

b) says

c) speaks

d) talks

5. There are many kindergarten………. the world.

a) all

b) all over

c) over all

d) all in

6. He can't ……….that big bicycle.

a) ride

b) run

c) drive

d) dream

7.She couldn't remember her teacher's name.
"remember" means……….

a) call

b) recall

c) mind

d) remind

8. He's going to the butcher's to buy some……….

a) butter

b) bread

c) meat

d) milk

9. Our teacher is not from our………. . She speaks English.

a) town

b) city

c) country

d) world

10. All the students should pay………. to their teachers.

a) attraction

 

b) attention

 

c) problem

 

d) program

 

11. Which word has different vowel sound?

a) mine

b) my

c) sign

d) sing

12. where are you from ?
I' m from……….

a) English

 

b) Chinese

 

c) Japanese

 

d) Germany

 

13. Many people like to………. by air.

a) run

b) walk

c) travel

d) try

14. The day after Saturday is……….

a) Wednesday

 

b) Tuesday

 

c) Sunday

 

d) Monday

 

15. The train arrived at the station ……….time.

a) at

b) on

c) of

d) by

B) Can you find the right word?

      Plate/ May/ fork/ high/ trees
1. It's the opposite of low and rhymes with buy. (                 )
2. You eat from it and it rhymes with eight.         (                 )
3. They are tall plants and rhyme with please.    (                 )
4. It's a month and rhymes with weigh.                 (                 )
5. You eat with it and it rhymes with chalk.        (                 )

Word study (2-1):

 

 

 

 

Farsi

1.

clever

:

intelligent

1.  (                       )

2.

farmhand

:

a farm worker

2.  (                       )

3.

farmer

:

a person who owns or manages a farm.

3.  (                       )

4.

hot

:

giving off heat

4.  (                       )

5.

land

:

ground

5.  (                       )

6.

raise

:

grow

6.  (                       )

7.

coconut

:

a kind of fruit

7.  (                       )

8.

field

:

a piece of land

8.  (                       )

9.

top

:

highest part

9.  (                       )

10

climb

:

go up

10.                        (     )

11

each

:

every

11.                        (     )

12

pick

:

remove

12.                        (     )

13

ride

:

sit on and control sth.

13.                        (     )

14

get to

:

arrive

14.                        (     )

15

ripe

:

ready to be used

15.                        (     )

16

green

:

not ripe

16.                        (     )

17

drop

:

let fall

17.                        (     )

18

dialog

:

conversation

18.                        (     )

19

necessary

:

essential for a purpose

19.                        (     )

20

weather

:

condition of atmosphere at a certain place

20.                        (     )

Conversation (2-1):

  1. What are you going to do tonight?
  2. I should study hard.
  1. Do you have an exam?
  2. Yes, I do.

 

  1. When should you go to bed?
  2. I should stay up.
  1. Is it a difficult exam?
  2. Yes, it's a difficult one.

 

  1. Oh, excuse me.
  2. It doesn't matter.

More examples:

  1. It is cold today.
  2. You should stay in bed.
  3. She should write to her parents.
  4. You should work harder.
  5. It is far from here.

Structure (2-1):

Should: light obligation
You should study tonight.
It is used to express obligation and duty, to give advice and in general to say what we think is right or good for people to do.
Attention:
Should + simple form of the verb.
It
"It" is used to fill the subject position in the sentences.
It has no real meaning.

1. It is ten 6 o'clock.
2. It is hot.
3. It is far from here.
4. It is good.
5. Who is at the door? It is my sister.

Exercise (2-1):

A) Rewrite the sentences with should.

  1. I (study) very hard for the examination.

1.
2. Students (always, spend) time on their lessons at home.
2.
3. Your friends (leave) now. It's getting late.
3.
4. He (stay) at home tonight and (study) his English lesson.
4.
5. You (tell) your boss the truth about the accident.
5.

B) Give a true answer beginning with it.
1. What day is it?
2. What day will be tomorrow?
3. What month is it?
4. What season is it?
5. Who is on the phone?

Vocabulary (2-1):

1. In some countries monkeys work as………… on the farms.

a) farmers

b) farmhands

c) animals

d) drivers

2. Farmers work on the…………….every day.

a) hand

b) land

c) field

d) garden

3. Farmers pick fruits when they are…………

a) green

b) grey

c) ripe

d) orange

4. Many farmers …………a lot of rice in the North.

a) rise

b) raise

c) rain

d) right

5. It is important to be ………….

a) at time

b) each time

c) on time

d) for time

6. Which word doesn't have the same vowel sound?

a) food

b) good

c) boot

d) do

7. A person who owns a farm or manages it is a ………..

a) farmer

 

b) worker

 

c) farmhand

 

d) villager

 

8. He's quite happy at his new school. "Quite" means………….

a) quickly

 

b) completely

 

c) quietly

 

d) correctly

 

9. He must stay……….longer tonight.

a) awake

b) asleep

c) bed

d) bedroom

10. You soon get tired of eating the same thing everyday. "Tired" is the opposite of ……….

a) asleep

b) sleep

c) active

d) attractive

11. It was cold yesterday .      …………….is the weather today?

a) How

b) Why

c) What

d) When

12. Monkeys are clever animals, because they can ………many things.

a) teach

b) learn

c) listen

d) hear

13. Monkeys are funny animals, because they can make us…….

a) meet

b) mean

c) laugh

d) leave

14. Is it ………..to walk in the dark? Yes, it is.

a) necessary

 

b) different

 

c) difficult

 

d) important

 

15. It …………..the apples to the farmer.

a) fell

b) filled

c) dropped

d) drove

 

Structure: lessons (1 & 2)-1:

Choose the correct one.

1. I see Iran………..this map.

a) in

b) on

c) at

d) into

2. She doesn't have………..friends.

a) many

b) much

c) some

d) some of

3. We don't have any money to pay ……….it.

a) about

b) of

c) for

d) from

4. It was time for him ………to school.

a) go

b) to go

c) going

d) to going

5. The children …………speak English before.

a) can

b) could

c) can't

d) won't

6. They ……….to write the exercise last night.

a) have

b) had

c) can

d) could

7. Many cows and sheep are eating grass …………..the field.

a) in

b) on

c) into

d) onto

8. Farmhands had to climb each tree……..coconuts.

a) pick

b) picked

c) to pick

d) picking

9. The children are hungry. They should ………….something.

a) eat

b) not eat

c) drink

d) not drink

10. They don't know the address. They ……….ask a policeman.

a) should

b) shouldn't

c) could

d) couldn't

11. Why did you come to school late? Because I ….......... visit my uncle.

a) might

b) should

c) could

d) had to

12. You have been traveling all day long. You ……………be tried.

a) have to

b) should

c) could

d) must

13. Everyday …………eat and drink in order to live.

a) could

b) had to

c) should

d) must

14. The doctor suggested that I………..see a doctor.

a) can

b) could

must

d) should

 

 

 

 

15. How far is………….to your home?

a) this

b) that

c) there

d) it

16. I think his house is ……………Bahar Street.

a) on

b) in

c) at

d) to

17. He had to sit on that hard chair and…………at books.

a) look

b) looks

c) to look

d) looked

18. In some countries there is dark all the time in winter.
A                           B                         C                  D
Which word is incorrect?

a) in

b) there

c) all the time

d) in winter

19. They came here……………may 1st.

a) on

b) in

c) at

d) to

20. Are you studying tonight? No, I might ………….tonight.

a) not studying

 

b) not study

 

c) no study

 

d) no studying

 

21. your eyes are red. You…………….be catching cold.

a) could

 

b) should

 

c) must

 

d) ought to

 

22. How …………times have you traveled to England?

a) much

b) many

c) long

d) often

23. I……….drive the car last night.

a) may

b) might

c) can

d) could

24. We waited ………….him in the street.

a) with

b) for

c) on

d) about

25. We don't learn………..new lessons on Saturday.

a) some

b) much

c) any

d) little

26. It 's cold, you can stand ……….the fire.

a) in

b) on

c) into

d) by

27. I know ……….is about 5 kilometers from here to there.

a) this

b) that

c) it

d) there

28. Did he ………….sit on that hard chair?

a) have

b) have to

c) has to

d) had to

 

29. This evening, I'll come…………early.

a) home

 

b) to home

 

c) at home

 

d) in home

 

30. It often snows………….January.

a) on

b) in

c) for

d) at

31. take an umbrella ………….it rains.

a) as

b) why

c) for

d) because

32. How far is ………………to your home?

a) this

b) it

c) there

d) That

33. We ………….obey the traffic lights.

a) could

b) would

c) must

d) can

34. He………… wash his car alone because nobody helped him.

a) has to

b) had to

c) should

d) must

35. We usually have hot weather …………….summer.

a) on

b) in

c) at

d) while

36. She had to leave home early to get there………….

a) on time

b) at time

c) late

d) later

37. We ……………..invite the browns to the party.

a) have

b) had

c) ought

d) should

38. you must …………….more attention to pronunciation.

a) pay

b) pay for

c) say to

d) say

Coconut trees are very useful. People in hot countries depend on them. There is milk in coconuts, too. It is good to drink and very pure. Doctors sometimes used this milk during the war, when they could not get water and sugar. Some people say that the coconut is the tree of life.


39. Doctors used coconut milk for the sick because…………...

a) it is the tree of life

b) it is dirty

 

c) it is the only way

d) it was the only way

40. Coconut milk is not dirty. It is very…………

a) clear

b) clean

c) bright

d) brown

 

 

 

 

Word study (3-1):

 

 

 

 

Farsi

1.

ever

:

up to now

1.  (                    )

2.

few

:

not many

2.  (                    )

3.

forget

:

lose the memory of sth.

3.  (                    )

4.

early

:

not late

4.  (                    )

5.

difficult

:

not easy

5.  (                    )

6.

problem

:

A question that is difficult to answer

6.  (                    )

7.

leave

:

go/put

7.  (                    )

8.

therefore

:

for that reason

8.  (                    )

9.

pan

:

wide flat dish with a handle or handles

9.  (                    )

10

boiling

:

hot

10.                     (     )

11

until

:

till

11.                     (     )

12

ready

:

prepared

12.                     (     )

13

afraid

:

frightened

13.                     (     )

14

To be afraid

:

to be frightened

14.                     (     )

15

frighten

:

to fill sb. with fear

15.                     (     )

16

return

:

come back

16.                     (     )

17

by

:

near

17.                     (     )

18

whatever

:

everything

18.                     (     )

Conversation (3-1):

  1. Are you as old as your friend?
  2. No, I 'm a year older than he is.
  1. I'd like to know how old you are.
  2. I'm a little older than you are.

 

A) I'm sixteen years old.
B) I'm seventeen.

A) Thank you.
B) Thank you very much.

More examples:

  1. This tree is as tall as that one.
  2. A train is longer than a bus.
  3. He swims faster than Peter.
  4. John is happier than Peter.
  5. He is more careful than his friend.

Structure (3-1):

  1. Comparison with : as+adj+as
  2. Comparison with : adj+er+than

He is as tall as his friend.
He is taller than his brother.
When we want to say that things or persons are equal in some way, We often use structure as……………..as (with adjectives or adverbs).
This hotel is as new as that hotel.
The comparison is used to compare things or people that are different from each other.
A city is bigger than a town.

Attention:

With short adjectives and adverbs we use er.(faster)
With adjectives of two syllables ending in(y,ow,le,er), we use er.(prettier)
With long adjectives (three or more syllables), we use more. (more beautiful)

Exercise (3-1):

Complete the sentences with the adjectives in parentheses.

  1. Everyone else was…………as you were.(nervous)
  2. The weather is …………….today than it was yesterday.(warm)
  3. Mary is certainly…………..as her sister is.(intelligent)
  4. Your story is………………..than my story.(interesting)
  5. You look much……………..today than you did yesterday.(happy)

Use "as…………..as" or "er than"

  1. His word is good. Gold is good.

1.
2. Mary's watch is light. A feather is light.
2.
3. Mr. Smith is cold. Ice is cold.
3.
4. John works slowly. Paul works slowly, too.
4.
5. This lesson is very easy, but the other one isn't.
5.
6. John and Bill work hard.
6.

Vocabulary (3-1):

1. ………………. don't live in all parts of the world.

a) horses

b) sheep

c) monkeys

d) birds

2. Keep boiling water out of …………..of the children.

a) reach

b) rich

c) size

d) servant

3. He is one of your relatives. He is your father's brother.

a) aunt

b) uncle

c) cousin

d) grandfather

4. It is very big, but it can go up to the sky. It can take many people. It is an/a…...

a) train

b) plane

c) engine

d) ship

5. A plane is ……………than a train.

a) fatter

b) faster

c) busier

d) longer

6. I need the book. When are you going to……….it?

a) leave

b) forget

c) remember

d) return

7. We eat food when we are………….

a) sleepy

b) thirsty

c) hungry

d) early

8. I can't remember my friend's phone number. I …….things easily.

a) learn

b) listen

c) remember

d) forget

9. How……….. did it take you to get to the bus station?
About 10 minutes.

a) many

b) often

c) for

d) long

10. I left the book on the table and went out. Left means………….

a) went

b) put

c) took

d) fell

11. I'm a teacher. What about your father?
He is …………..

a) in the garden

b) happy

c) a doctor

d) reading

12. Do you know Bill ?

a) yes, I do

 

b) yes, I know

 

c) no, I'm not

 

d) no,I don't know

13. My friend is a …………….boy. He can help you.

a) warm

b) wise

c) new

d) news

14. What should students do with their problems?
They should ………….them.

a) see

b) solve

c) say

d) sell

15. The…………….village was full of birds.

a) all

b) entire

c) entirely

d) wholly

Puzzle

1

 

L

 

 

 

 

2

 

L

 

 

 

 

3

 

L

 

 

 

 

4

 

L

 

 

 

 

5

 

L

 

 

 

 

6

 

L

 

 

 

 

7

 

L

 

 

 

 


Can you find all 7?

    1. At all times
    2. One more than ten
    3. Nearly
    4. Shut; not open
    5. A kind of shirt for Girls
    6. More than one; not singular
    7. Tired; Wanting to sleep

Word Study (4-1):

 

 

 

 

Farsi

1.

yard

:

a piece of land near or round a building

1.  (                 )

2.

wonder

:

ask yourself

2.  (                 )

3.

deep

:

a long way from top to bottom

3.  (                 )

4.

road

:

a way for cars

4.  (                 )

5.

maybe

:

perhaps

5.  (                 )

6.

boots

:

shoes

6.  (                 )

7.

warm

:

between cool and hot

7.  (                 )

8.

wait(for)

:

stay in a place until sb. or sth. arrives.

8.  (                 )

9.

loud

:

easily heard

9.  (                 )

10

noise

:

sound

10.                  (     )

11

snowplow
snowplough

:

a device or vehicle for cleaning snow from roads

11.                  (     )

12

beside

:

next to

12.                  (     )

13

soon

:

quickly

13.                  (     )

14

borrow

:

get sth. from a person and return it later

14.                  (     )

15

seat

:

chair

15.                  (     )

16

branch

:

an arm part of a tree

16.                  (     )

17

market

:

gather people for buying and selling

17.                  (     )

Conversation (4-1):

  1. Who is the tallest student in the class?
  2. Ali is the tallest of all.
  1. Who got the best mark?
  2. Navid got the best of all.

 

  1. Is he the cleverest student in the class?
  2. I guess.
  1. Good for him.

More examples:

  1. Winter is the coldest season of the year.
  2. He is the most intelligent person that I know.
  3. I have the worst handwriting.
  4. It is the most beautiful garden in this village.
  5. Peter knows English grammar the best of all the students.

Structure (4-1):

Comparison with: est
The superlative is used to compare one member of a group with the whole group.
I'm the youngest brother in my family.
With short adjectives and adverbs, we use est. (fastest)
With adjectives of two syllables ending in(y,ow,le,er), we use est.(happiest)
With long adjectives (three or more syllables) , we use most (most beautiful)
Spring is the most beautiful season of the year.


Irregular forms of adjectives and adverbs.

good(well)

better

best

bad(badly)

worse

worst

much

more

most

many

more

most

little

less

least

far

farther
further

fartherest (distance)
furtherest (distance, time, quantity)

fore

former

formost
first

late

latter
later

last
latest

Attention:

We can use comparatives with the, to say that two changes happen together.
The more you work, the less you get.

Exercise (4-1):

Complete the sentences with adjectives and adverbs.
1. He speaks …………….of all (well)
2. Tom is……………. boy in the class. (clever)
3. This story is…………….story in the book. (difficult)
4. One of ……………. Englishmen who ever lived was Newton. (great)
5. January is…………….month of the year. (cold)
6. She is…………….person that I know. (intelligent)
7. He is…………….student in the class.(bad)
8. This is ……………. building that I have ever seen. (high)
9. New York has ………. tall buildings of any city in the world. (many)
10. He drives……………. of anybody in the family. (careful)

 

Vocabulary (4-1):

1. My clothes are very dirty. I have to …………them.

 

a) pull

b) push

c) change

d) spend

 

2. Let's spread the cloth on the …………near the river.

 

a) wind

b) weather

c) ground

d) field

 

3. You don't know how to learn English well.
…………I have to be more careful.

 

a) help yourself

 

b) maybe

 

c) make a noise

 

d) make a mistake

4. The teacher has a loud………… .  You can hear him.

 

a) air

b) voice

c) sound

d) cry

 

5. I don't sit ………… her because she speaks very much.

 

a) beside

b) besides

c) side

d) sides

 

6. A place where people gather together for buying and selling things. It means …………

 

a) yard

b) garden

c) market

d) road

 

7. To learn a new language can be very…………

 

a) beautiful

b) interesting

c) bad

d) deep

 

8. A bank usually has………… in other places.

 

a) boots

b) bottles

c) branches

d) boats

 

9. May I use your bicycle? Sorry, …………

 

a) take it

b) use it

c) never mind

d) I need it

 

10. I never ………… to school late in the morning.

 

a) run

b) walk

c) move

d) get

 

11. A snowplow was………… all the snow to the sides of the road.

 

a) pulling

b) pushing

c) keeping

d) coming

 

12. There were many………… in the sky.

 

a) rains

b) snows

c) clouds

d) snowplows

 

13. I am working on my English assignment right now.
Right now means…………

 

a) later

 

b) then

 

 

c) just now

 

d) just a moment

 

14. My grandfather is………… than my father.

 

a) older

b) younger

c) smaller

d) bigger

 

15. His brother is ………… he looks.

 

a) young

 

b) younger

 

 

c) younger than

 

d) very young

 

 

Structure lessons (3&4)-1:

Choose the correct one.


1. She cleans the rooms and………..the dishes.

a) wash

b) washes

c) she wash

d) she washes

2. He never drives when he feels…………..

a) sleep

b) sleeps

c) sleepy

d) sleeping

3. He was working …………..a difficult problem.

a) at

b) on

c) in

d) for

4. He was one of …………..men of his time.

a) great

b) greater

c) greatest

d) the greatest

5. This ruler's…………..that one.

a) as long as

b) as longer as

c) so long as

d) so longer as

6. It was hard…………..where the road was.

a) see

b) sees

c) to see

d) saw

7. Can I borrow your car?

a) sorry

b) I see

c) thanks

d) Oh

8. He makes …………..mistakes than I do.

a) few

b) fewer

c) little

d) less

9. Your dictionary has…………..words than my dictionary.

a) much

b) many

c) more

d) most

10. My brother is…………..driver I know.

a) good

b) better

c) best

d) The best

11. This book is…………..one that I have ever read.

a) bad

b) worse

c) worst

d) the worst

12. Yesterday was ………….day of the year.

a) cold

b) as cold as

c) colder

d) the coldest

13. He failed because he studied…………..less than the others.

a) too

b) much

c) more

d) very

14. Does she work as……….as her brother?

a) slow

b) slower

c) slowly

d) more slowly

15. He was…………person I had ever met.

a) a kind

b) a kinder

c) the kinder

d) the kindest

16. Please give me ………water. I'm thirsty.

a) few

b) a few

c) little

d) a little

17. Peter knows English grammar …………..of the students.

a) well

b) better

c) best

d) the best

18. We decided to go there…………..than the other guests.

a) early

b) more early

c) earlier

d) earliest

19. I speak…………..of all.

a) rapidly

 

b) more rapidly

 

c) the most rapidly

d) as rapidly

 

20. He speaks English …………..than John.

a) badly

b) badlier

c) worse

d) more badly

21. You look much…………..today than you did yesterday.

a) happy

b) happier

c) happily

d) more happily

22. You speak …………..as he.

a) quick

b) quickly

c) as quick

d) as quickly

23. He drives ………….. of anyone in the family.

a) careful

 

b) carefully

 

c) more carefully

d) the most carefully

24. Do many people live…………..than 100 years?

a) much

b) more

c) very

d) many

25. He has …………..money in the bank, he can't draw a cheque.

a) little

b) a little

c) few

d) fewer

26. I have…………..money than you.

a) little

b) less

c) few

d) fewer

27. I told the servant not to sound the bell…………..

a) loud

b) very loud

c) loudly

d) very loudly

28. He is a better swimmer ………….his brother.

a) of

b) from

c) as

d) than

29. The people lived together………..in the village.

a) peaceful

 

b) peacefully

 

c) more peaceful

d) more peacefully

30. The man will take him to school………the snowplow.

a) by

b) in

c) on

d) with

31. I want you to stay here a little longer. How…..time do you have?

a) much

b) many

c) more

d) little

32. He doesn't feel happy because he has ………..friends here.

a) many

b) much

c) few

d) a few

33. This big box is as…………..as that one.

a) heavy

 

b) heavier

 

c) very heavy

d) more heavy

 

34. He has many enemies, but…………friends.

a) few

b) a few

c) little

d) a little

35. Ellen is a ……prettier girl than her sister.

a) many

b) much

c) more

d) very

36. Come…………please, the bus is leaving.

a) quicker

 

b) the quicker

 

c) more quicker

d) most quicker

 

37. I have a ………distance to walk to school than you have.

a) far

b) farther

c) further

d) the furthest

38. The more you have, the………..you want.

a) more

 

b) most

 

c) the more

 

d) the most

 

39. There are ………… more tall buildings in New York than in Paris.

a) much

 

b) many

 

c) as much as

d) as many as

 

40. Which pronunciation is different from the others?

a) house

b) down

c) home

d) cow

Word study (5-1):

 

 

 

 

Farsi

1.

foreign

:

not from our country

1.  (                      )

2.

travel

:

to make a journey

2.  (                      )

3.

mushroom

:

a plant without leaves

3.  (                      )

4.

while

:

when

4.  (                      )

5.

village

:

a place smaller than a town

5.  (                      )

6.

order

:

ask for sth. to be brought or made.

6.  (                      )

7.

waiter

:

a person who serves in a restaurant

7.  (                      )

8.

to be able to

:

can

8.  (                      )

9.

try

:

make an attempt

9.  (                      )

10

finally

:

in the end

10.                       (     )

11

bullfight

:

fight between a man and a bull

11.                       (     )

12

look like

:

be alike

12.                       (     )

13

bake

:

cook in an oven

13.                       (     )

14

baker

:

a person who bakes and sells bread

14.                       (     )

15

drawing

:

picture

15.                       (     )

16

butcher

:

a person whose job is cutting and selling meat in a shop

16.                       (     )

Conversation (5-1):

  1. What did he pick up?
  2. He picked up the money.
  1. Which money did he pick up?
  2. He picked up the money that was on the table.

 

  1. What did he do with it then?
  2. He put it in his pocket.
    • How did he walk away?
    • He walked away angrily.

More examples:

  1. He is studying English.
  2. He is studying English at the university.
  3. He is studying English very well at the university.
  4. He is studying English very well at the university these days.
  5. She looks at her program carefully every day.

Structure (5-1):

Word order:
The position of subject, verb, direct object and adverbs in simple sentences are .

Subject

verb

D.O.

Adv.of manner

Adv.of place

Adv.of time

He

spoke

English

clearly

in class

Yesterday.

Exercise (5-1):

Put the words in correct order.

  1. The students know(very well-now-the irregular verbs).

1.
2. We have studied(up to now-carefully- every lesson).
2.
3. I drank(too much coffee-this morning-at breakfast)
3.
4. Someone took(last night-from my desk-my dictionary)
4.
5. You seldom hear(on the radio-good programs-at this hour)
5.
6. The students are pronouncing(now-the words-carefully)
6.

7. Mr. Brown did(alone-last Friday-all of the work)
7.
8. You can watch(at night-on television-good programs)
8.
9. I hope(my English-quickly-to improve) by studying hard.
9.
10. My(sons-friend's-three) were all at the meeting.

Vocabulary (5-1):

1. Can you ………………a picture of a beautiful flower?

a) write

b) draw

c) drive

d) wear

2. When he came back, he had two tickets for…………….

a) fighting

 

b) finding

 

c) a bull

 

d) a bullfight

 

3. Which word has different sound?

a) full

b) could

c) luck

d) put

4. How do you study your books?

a) lastly

b) carefully

c) finally

d) usually

5. He lived ………….for many years.

a) slowly

b) quickly

c) happily

d) hurriedly

6. If you can't ………..a bicycle for the first time, try again.

a) ride

b) rise

c) drive

d) do

7. He………….a picture of a flower on a piece of paper.

a) grew

b) knew

c) drew

d) drove

8. Let's take a walk by the…………

a) morning

b) holiday

c) evening

d) river

9. A…………. of bakers will be meeting here tonight.

a) group

b) glass

c) letter

d) problem

10. We cannot see the film because we lost our…………

a) books

b) letters

c) papers

d) tickets

11. He went to the ………….to get some money.

a) bank

b) baker's

c) shop

d) store

12.The library is only two blocks…………

a) across

b) away

c) hard

d) highway

13. Our teacher …………..the lesson carefully yesterday.

a) talked

b) taught

c) took

d) looked

14. That girl is a………… . She comes from a foreign country.

a) farmhand

b) farmer

c) foreigner

d) familiar

15. You must leave your dog…………

a) inside

b) outside

c) beside

d) seaside

Word study (6-1):

 

 

 

 

Farsi

1.

fire place

:

a place for fire

1.  (               )

2.

kitchen

:

a room in which meals are prepared

2.  (               )

3.

burn

:

damage by fire or heat

3.  (               )

4.

to sing

:

make a whistling sound

4.  (               )

5.

just

:

only

5.  (               )

6.

else

:

another thing

6.  (               )

7.

turn

:

change

7.  (               )

8.

attractive

:

beautiful

8.  (               )

9.

odd

:

strange

9.  (               )

10

lid

:

a cover over a container which can be removed or opened.

10.                (     )

11

member

:

a person belonging to a group

11.                (     )

12

really

:

truly

12.                (     )

13

steam

:

water in the form of gas

13.                (     )

14

weigh

:

measure how heavy sth. is by means of scales.

14.                (     )

15

succeed

:

do well

15.                (     )

16

good-looking

:

handsome

16.                (     )

17

so many

:

lots of things

17.                (     )

Conversation (6-1):

  1. What's the date today?
  2. Today is November first, nineteen ninety-nine.

 

  1. Today is your birthday, isn't it?
  2. Yes, it is.
  1. Where were you born?
  2. I was born in a little town not far from here.

 

  1. Excuse me. It's time to go now.
  2. Yes, it is. You'll be on time, won't you?
  1. I hope so.

More examples:

  1. The student speaks English fast, doesn't he?
  2. There is some water in the glass, isn't there?
  3. The traffic is heavy today, isn't it?
  4. He won't be back before noon, will he?
  5. This is the highest mountain in the world, isn't it?

Structure (6-1):

Question tags
They are short questions at the end of a sentence.
He can swim, can't he?
If the main clause doesn't have an auxiliary verb, "do" is used in the question-tag.
They live in this street, don't they?

Exercise (6-1):

Add the correct tag ending?

  1. They go for a walk in the park,………………………?
  2. You'll be back before noon,……………………….....?
  3. It takes more than an hour to get there,………………?
  4. The bus doesn't stop near here,……………………....?
  5. This is your umbrella,………………………………..?
  6. There are a lot of students absent today,……………..?
  7. He built the first steam engine,…………………..…..?
  8. My teacher never comes late,………………………...?
  9. We mustn't speak Farsi in class,……………………...?
  10. He 'd buy a new car,…………………………………..?

Vocabulary (6-1):

1. You can learn If you ……………... .

a) look for

b) look after

c) pay attention

d) pay for

2. Don't put your hands in boiling water. You'll …………..them.

a) find

b) clean

c) sell

d) burn

3. What……………would you like? Nothing, thank you. This is all I need.

a) enough

b) else

c) many

d) much

4. What did he see when he looked ………. the window? It was snowing.

a) for

b) after

c) out

d) like

5. John ………….100 pounds.

a) is

b) has

c) wears

d) weighs

6. Your father is your grandfather's……………

a) boy

b) man

c) son

d) baby

7. This club has forty…………….who come to every meeting.

a) hosts

b) guests

c) members

d) artists

8. When a kettle is boiling, you see…………….coming out.

a) smoke

b) steam

c) fire

d) water

9. The fire made the water in the kettle very…………….

a) cold

b) cool

c) full

d) hot

10. Do the Browns work on Saturday?................. .

a) he doesn't

b) they don't

c) no, he doesn't

d) no, they don't

11. Steam can move …………..on the water.

a) trains

b) planes

c) boats

d) wagons

12. You must try hard, if you want to……… in the test.

a) stay

b) say

c) sing

d) succeed

13. We must speak …………..in English classes.

a) Farsi

b) Arabic

c) English

d) French

14. The steam rising from water looks like…………

a) smoke

b) snow

c) hair

d) ice

15. He was too tired. He could ………….run.

a) hardly

b) usually

c) almost

d) often